How Much Does Tile Flooring Installation Cost? | 2024 Guide

By Tamara Jude Updated May 21, 2024

Typical costs range from $8 to $44 per square foot.

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The average cost for professional installation of a ceramic, travertine, or porcelain tile floor is $8 to $44 per square foot but can range depending on tile type and installation costs. Tile is a durable, attractive, and easy-to-clean flooring material. Natural stone tiles cost more, as do specialty patterns or mosaics. We’ll break down the costs of each option to help you decide if tile is right for your floors.

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Family room in new construction home with two story fireplace and hardwood floors.
Hardwood Flooring

The average cost of hardwood flooring is around $6 to $12 per square foot.

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Handyman cutting a new carpet with a carpet cutter to install in a home.
Carpet Installation

Carpet installation costs, on average, around $3–$11 per square foot.

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Newly tiled bathroom with white marble tiles, a glass stall shower, and two vanity sinks.
Tile Flooring

Tile floor installation, on average, can range from $8 to $44 per square foot.

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Note: Unless otherwise noted, cost data in this article was sourced from Angi, Fixr, and HomeAdvisor.


Major Cost Factors of Tile Flooring

The following factors will determine the cost of your tile installation project:

Factor 1: Cost by Tile Material

You can find tiles in several solid materials with slightly different properties and price points. Ceramic and travertine are the least expensive options, while granite and glass are the most expensive.

Here’s how much different tile materials cost on average before installation:

Tile MaterialCost RangeAverage Cost
Ceramic$1–$30 per sq ft$15.50 per sq ft
Travertine$2–$30 per sq ft$16 per sq ft
Porcelain$3–$30 per sq ft$16.50 per sq ft
Marble$3–$50 per sq ft$26.50 per sq ft
Slate$4–$20 per sq ft$12 per sq ft
Granite$10–$200 per sq ft$105 per sq ft
Glass$20–$100 per sq ft$60 per sq ft

Each of these materials has benefits and drawbacks.

Factor 2: Cost of Tile Pattern and Layout

Complicated tile patterns and designs cost more because they require more tile cutting and take more time to install. The least expensive tile designs are straight-set (tile squares or rectangles installed in simple rows) and running-bond (rows offset by half the length of a tile). Patterns requiring multiple shapes or tile styles will cost 10% to 20% more to install. Here are some examples:

Factor 3: Cost by Room Size

Because tile materials are priced by the square foot, larger areas will cost more to cover. They’ll also require more labor.

Here are some likely cost ranges for ceramic, travertine, and porcelain tile installed in various room sizes.

Room Size in Sq. Ft.Material CostsMaterials and Labor
100 sq ft$100–$3,000$800–$4,400
200 sq ft$200–$6,000$1,600–$8,800
300 sq ft$300–$9,000$2,400–$13,200
400 sq ft$400–$12,000$3,600–$17,600
500 sq ft$500–$15,000$4,000–$22,000

Factor 4: Cost of Subfloor Prep

If you install tile over a damaged or uneven surface, the finished product won’t look good or last long. You’ll need to prepare or repair subfloors before tile installation. Most subflooring is cement backer board, which costs about $5 to $8 per square foot. Repairing the wood or concrete underneath can cost up to $40 to $65 per square foot.

Factor 5: Cost for Grout and Finishing

All tile needs a substrate called grout to fill the space between tiles and create a stable, water-resistant surface. Unsanded grout is cost-effective and costs $5 to $6 per square foot on average, but high-end epoxy grout can cost $8 to $12 per square foot. One benefit of using epoxy or polymer grout is that it won’t require an additional coat of sealant, which costs $2 to $5 per square foot.

Factor 6: Cost of Labor

A substantial portion of tile installation costs goes toward labor since it is a slow and detail-oriented process. You can expect to pay $7 to $14 per square foot in labor costs depending on the complexity of installation. Alternatively, tilers may charge $60 to $120 per hour for their work. Midsize tiles in straight or running-bond rows will cost the least. Small and mosaic tiles take longer to install and cost more, but so do large-format tiles, which are much heavier and harder to work with.


Additional Factors Affecting Tile Flooring Cost

Depending on the specifics of your project, you may also encounter some of the following costs.

Water Absorption

If you opt for ceramic or porcelain, these tiles receive ratings based on how much water they absorb as a percentage of their dry weight. Tiles that don’t absorb as much water are denser and less prone to wear, but they may also be brittle and crack more easily. Water absorption (sometimes abbreviated W.A. on tile packaging) is most important when considering tile for bathrooms or outdoor areas such as patios. There are four grades of water absorption:

Here’s how these W.A. ratings compare on price. The differences aren’t large, but typically, the lower the water absorption rate, the higher the cost.

Water Absorption RatingPrice Range per Sq. Ft.
Nonvitreous$1–$30
Semivitreous$1–$30
Vitreous$3–$30
Impervious$3–$30

Removing Old Flooring

If you’re replacing an existing floor, you’ll need to remove old flooring materials before laying tile. While you can tile over certain other materials, including old tile, the materials need to be in excellent condition without cracks or irregularities. In nearly all cases, removing old materials first is better to avoid trapping moisture or installing tile over an uneven surface. Most types of flooring cost $1 to $5 per square foot to remove, depending on how stubborn they are, plus another $150 to $200 for haul-away and disposal.

Floating Tile

If you don’t want to remove old flooring, you might consider installing floating tiles. These tiles connect to one another but not to the flooring beneath. This makes them useful for buildings with asbestos in the old flooring because they won’t dislodge hazardous materials. Vinyl is a common material for floating tiles, but you may find ceramic floating tiles as well, and they cost $2 to $10 per square foot for materials and another $4 to $7 per square foot for labor.

Tile Floor Maintenance and Repair

Over time, grout will degrade, finishes will dull, and tiles may even crack. Even under the best conditions, natural stone tiles will need to be resealed and polished every three to five years, which can cost $1 to $3 per square foot. Natural stone tile is also more expensive to repair than porcelain and ceramic tile, costing $5 to $50 per square foot compared to $0.50 to $15 per square foot. Grout repair can cost between $180 to $450 total, depending on the extensiveness, and total regrouting costs $6 to $8 per square foot.


Professional vs. DIY Tile Flooring Installation

Fortunately, tile installation is a project that most homeowners can take on themselves if they have the time to spare.

DIY Installation

Tile installation doesn’t require extensive expertise, but it is time-consuming. The only specialty tool required is a tile cutter, which costs about $30 to $80. We recommend hiring flooring contractors to repair or level the subfloor, but then you can arrange and lay the tile yourself for the cost of materials. Some tiles even have adhesive backings, so you won’t need to spread mortar first. You’ll have the easiest time if you lay medium to large tiles in simple rows. You’ll need to apply grout and sealant afterward.

Professional Installation

If you choose natural stone or glass tiles, want an elaborate pattern, or don’t have the time or skill to do the job yourself, tile floor contractors can do the work for you. You’ll pay labor costs, but experienced pros can get the job done quicker and more neatly than you can. Installing tile usually doesn’t require a permit, but flooring contractors will ensure that your subfloors are up to code and in good shape before tile installation begins.


How to Reduce Tile Flooring Costs

Here are some tips for reducing project costs:


Extra Tile Flooring Options

One way to save money is to combine home improvement projects that use the same contractors or address the same area of the home. You’ll save time and labor costs by bundling projects like the following.

Backsplash Tile Cost

Another common household use for tile is as a decorative backsplash behind a kitchen or bathroom sink. Backsplashes often contain smaller tiles in more intricate designs, so the labor costs to install them are higher. The project cost will also depend on the type and quality of tile material. Here’s how these costs compare by the square foot:

Type of Backsplash TileMaterial CostMaterials and Installation
Ceramic$1–$100$11–$110
Vinyl$2–$10$12–$20
Porcelain$3–$30$13–$40
Slate$4–$28$14–$38
Marble/granite$7–$100$17–$110
Glass$10–$40$20–$50

Bathroom Tile Cost

Similarly, you may decide to replace the tile in your bathroom, notably the tub and shower surround. Material costs will vary, but labor to retile a shower or tub costs about $25 per square foot. You might choose the same material as the floor tile, or you can choose a different material that visually complements the floor.

Type of Backsplash TileMaterial CostMaterials and Installation
Ceramic$0.50–$15$25.50–$40
Travertine$2–$3$27–$28
Slate$3–$4$28–$29
Granite$3–$7$28–$32
Limestone$5$30
Marble$8$33
Metal subway$15–$25$40–$50
Glass$32$57

Baseboard Replacement

You’ll have to remove baseboards when tiling your floor, so you can take the opportunity to replace and upgrade them. There are many different styles and sizes of baseboards, but material is the most relevant factor to price. Although wood is the traditional material, PVC, polystyrene, and medium-density fiberboard (MDF) are all more cost-effective options. Here’s how these options compare in terms of price per linear foot:

Baseboard MaterialMaterial CostsMaterials and Installation
PVC$0.90–$1.40$5.90–$9.15
MDF$1–$1.40$6–$9.15
Polystyrene$1.15–$1.65$5.15–9.40
Pine$1.40–$1.85$6.40–$9.60
Poplar$1.90–$2.50$6.90–$10.25
Maple$2.50–$5$7.50–$12.75
Oak$2.50–$5$7.50–$12.75
Cherry$4.50–$10$9.50–$17.75
Mahogany$4.50–$10$9.50–$17.75

Floor Repairs

For durable results, you should install tile on a subfloor that’s level and in good repair. The price of floor repair will depend on the extent of the damage. Serious or widespread problems will cost more to fix, as will problems with the joists or foundation.

Type of RepairCost Range per Sq. Ft.
Floor leveling$2-$30
Squeak repair$200-$1,000
Subfloor repair$300-$2,500
Joist repair$1,000-$5,000
Foundation repair$1,800-$6,500

How To Hire a Professional Tile Installer

If you decide to hire a professional flooring contractor, here’s what to look for:


Our Recommendation

As a flooring material, tile is durable, versatile, and attractive. You can’t refinish tile like hardwood, but you can choose from an almost unlimited variety of sizes, shapes, colors, and patterns. Tile does have high installation costs, but if you have the patience and the time, you can install it yourself. We recommend making this easier by choosing simple tiles and patterns. A skilled professional contractor may be a better choice if you’d like something more elaborate.

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Just answer a few questions, and we’ll take care of the rest!

Tile Flooring Cost FAQ

What is the least expensive tile flooring material?

Nonporcelain ceramic tiles are the least expensive tile option.

How long does it take to install tile flooring?

On average, professional tile installation takes one to three days, depending on tile size, room size, and design complexity. Installing it yourself will take longer.

Is it cheaper to install tile flooring yourself?

Yes, it costs less to install tile yourself since you’ll save on labor costs. However, it is a time-consuming project.