How Much Do Energy-Efficient Windows Cost? (2024)

By Sean Donnelly Updated June 18, 2024

Typical costs range from $320 to $2,000 per window.

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Energy efficient window installation costs typically range from $320 to $2,000, but most homeowners will pay around $1,160 on average. The best window brands offer many ENERGY STAR-certified windows to make your home more efficient. According to the U.S. Department of Energy, your home wastes 25% to 30% of its heating and cooling capacity to make up for heat gain and loss through inefficient windows. Upgrading your windows with new, energy-efficient models can reduce this number and, in turn, your utility bills.

We’ll explain what makes a window energy-efficient and outline the available styles and options.

Note: Article cost data via Angi and Fixr.

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Window Replacement Cost

Replacement windows on average range from $300 to $1,200.

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Single-Hung Windows

Single-hung windows on average cost $150 to $400 per window.

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Energy Efficient Upgrades

Double-pane installation typically ranges from $450 to $1,000 per window.

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Major Cost Factors of Energy-Efficient Windows

The cost of new windows is determined primarily by size, window and glass type, and frame material.

Factor 1: Window Type

Large or complex windows cost more than smaller ones. Here are some common window types.

Double-pane windows are the most common type of energy-efficient windows, so we’ve compared their costs in various styles in the table below.

Window TypeMaterials and Labor Cost RangeAverage Cost
Casement window$300–$850$575
Single-hung window$300–$2,750$1,525
Picture window$400–$950$675
Double-hung window$400–$3,250$1,825
Bay window$780–$2,920$1,850

Factor 2: Window Size

Larger windows cost more than smaller ones, and customized shapes and sizes cost more than standard window sizes.

Standard, 24-by-36-inch single- and double-hung windows are considered medium-size. Thus, smaller models like transom, kitchen, or basement windows are considered small. Large windows include bay and bow windows and oversized picture or decorative windows.

Window SizeMaterials and Labor Cost RangeAverage Cost
Small$350–$700$525
Medium$400–$1,850$1,125
Large$650–$4,500$2,575

Factor 3: Number of Panes

Triple-pane, krypton-filled glass is slightly more energy-efficient than double-pane, argon-filled glass, but it’s substantially heavier and more expensive. For most climates, we recommend double-pane windows for a good balance of efficiency and price. Homeowners in extreme climates may benefit from the modest boost in efficiency provided by triple-pane glass. These windows will return the highest energy savings in severe cold or heat.

Here are the price differences between single-, double-, and triple-pane windows.

Number of PanesCost RangeAverage Cost
Single-pane$250–$1,530$890
Double-pane$300–$1,580$940
Triple-pane$550–$3,290$1.920

Factor 4: Window Frame Material

Fiberglass is the most energy-efficient and durable frame material, but it’s also the most expensive. Wood frames are fairly efficient, but they’re most commonly chosen for aesthetics and require long-term maintenance, which adds up over time. Vinyl and aluminum are the most cost-effective frame materials, but insulated vinyl is by far the more energy-efficient option. Aluminum frames are only recommended for mild climates, since they conduct heat so well.

We compared double-pane windows in various frame materials in the table below.

Frame MaterialMaterials and Labor Cost RangeAverage Cost
Vinyl$300–$1,450$850
Aluminum$350–$1,450$900
Fiberglass$450–$2,500$1,475
Wood$450–$3,500$1,975

Other Potential Cost Factors to Consider

You may also need to factor the following things into your budget, depending on your project’s specifics.

Removal of Old Windows and Material

Removal and disposal of your old windows, frames, and associated materials is typically included with professional installation. Particularly large or difficult-to-remove windows may come with an extra charge of about $50 each.

Adding New Window Screens

Homeowners in climates where keeping windows open for long time periods is desirable may want to install screens to keep out insects and debris. These screens cost an average of $70 to $200 each, depending on the window’s size and complexity.

Tax Credits and Rebates

As part of the federal government’s Energy Efficient Home Improvement program, homeowners who install windows with the Environmental Protection Agency’s Energy Star rating in their primary residences may qualify for a tax credit. You can receive a credit for 30% of your total project cost, up to $600, when you file your federal income taxes. The program has recently been extended through 2032. You may also want to check state and local programs for other incentives.


Energy-Efficient Window Qualifications

An energy-efficient window keeps heat out during summer and in during winter. Preventing heat transfer means your heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system doesn’t have to work as hard to keep the temperature comfortable. The National Fenestration Rating Council (NFRC) tests windows and skylights under research conditions to rate them based on heat gain and loss. Here are the features that the NFRC looks at when determining energy efficiency.

Window Frame Materials

Vinyl windows are by far the most popular, but window frames can also be made of wood, aluminum, or fiberglass. Aluminum frames are inexpensive but the least efficient, since aluminum conducts heat very well. Fiberglass frames offer the most insulation, but wood frames are also energy-efficient. Vinyl frames are hollow, but if the cavities are filled with extra insulating material, they can also meet efficiency standards.

Multiple Window Panes

Although glass is a moderately good insulator, the sunlight that hits your windows causes the glass to heat up. With single-pane windows, this heat transfers easily into your home. Likewise, heat loss will occur in winter as the warmth produced by your furnace transfers out through the glass. Sandwiching multiple panes of glass with extra insulation in between helps block heat transfer. Switching to double- or triple-pane windows is key to increasing your home’s energy efficiency.

Window Spacers

Between your window’s panes of glass are strips of material called spacers that keep the panes in place and prevent air leakage. The most energy-efficient spacers are made of nonmetallic materials that don’t conduct heat. This lowers the window’s U-factor, a measure of how much heat is lost through the window.

Gas Fills

In addition to spacers, energy-efficient windows contain small amounts of nontoxic noble gas between the panes. Double-pane windows typically use argon gas, which provides substantially more insulation than regular air. Triple-pane glass usually contains krypton gas, which is even more insulating than argon but is significantly more expensive.

Low-E Coating

The window glazing can also be treated or coated to lower its solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC), which is the amount of sun’s heat that travels through the glass. The most common treatment is called a low-e coating, short for low-emissivity. Low-e glass reflects some infrared and UV rays, reducing solar heat gain without blocking the amount of visible light that can come through.


How to Reduce Energy-Efficient Window Installation Costs

Installing new windows is a substantial financial investment, but you can reduce window replacement costs with the following tips.

  • Energy Star-rated double-pane windows with insulated vinyl frames are the most cost-effective choice for most homeowners. 
  • Choose standard window sizes, styles, and shapes over custom options.
  • Think long-term when possible. Investing in high-quality windows will cost more up-front, but you’ll see lower energy bills for years to come.
  • Take advantage of the federal tax credit and research state and local incentives.
  • Most window installers are busiest in spring and summer and charge more for labor. If the climate permits, install new windows in the offseason.
  • If you plan to eventually upgrade all your windows, it’s less expensive to do it all at once rather than spread out over a long period.

Professional vs. DIY Energy-Efficient Window Installation

Installing energy-efficient windows is usually a job for professional contractors.

Professional Energy-Efficient Window Installation

Since most homeowners who want to switch to energy-efficient windows replace all or most of their windows at once, we recommend hiring a professional window installer. You’ll need to factor in labor as part of the replacement cost, but you’ll gain the following benefits:

  • Skilled installation with far less chance of gaps or air leaks
  • Help with acquiring necessary permits
  • Manufacturer’s warranty
  • Faster project timeline
  • Less effort and stress

DIY Energy-Efficient Window Installation

If you’re confident in your home improvement abilities and are only replacing one or two windows on the ground floor, you may consider doing the job yourself. In addition to the new window, you’ll need a power drill, pry bar, utility knife, putty knife, hammer, scraper, and caulk. You’ll also need putty and caulk for the replacement process and paint and primer for the finishing.

Doing the work yourself will save you money on labor, but be aware that a poorly installed window—even an energy-efficient one—may leak and actually drive up your energy costs. That’s why we recommend professional installation for most homeowners.


How to Hire a Professional

Here’s what to look for when choosing a window company.

  • Window installers typically don’t need a special trade license, but check that the company you’re considering has a current contractor’s license.
  • Likewise, all individual contractors should be bonded and insured.
  • Reputable companies have high ratings from the Better Business Bureau (BBB), which you can find on the BBB’s website. Accreditation is also a positive sign, but it’s something companies have to sign up and pay for.
  • Check other customer review websites such as Trustpilot and Google Reviews, and ask the company for references from customers.
  • Get at least three quotes from local contractors, and get fully itemized estimates when possible.

Our Recommendation

Installing energy-efficient windows is an excellent way to reduce your carbon footprint and your utility bills at the same time. According to our research, double-pane windows with insulated vinyl frames and Energy Star logos usually give you the best bang for your buck. Remodeling magazine’s 2024 Cost vs. Value Report showed that this kind of window replacement increased home value by an average of $13,766. Homeowners in extreme climates may want to consider triple-pane windows with fiberglass frames, though these will be a bigger investment.

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Energy Efficient Window Installation FAQ

Are energy-efficient windows worth it?

Yes, energy-efficient windows are worth it. The Department of Energy estimates that most homeowners can save between $101 and $583 per year on heating and cooling costs by switching from single- to double-pane windows. Additionally, replacing old windows with double-pane, insulated vinyl windows have a 68.5% higher return on investment than many other remodeling jobs.

What is the most energy-efficient replacement window?

Replacement windows with double- or triple-pane glass and wood, fiberglass, or insulated vinyl frames are the most energy-efficient.

What is the cost of installing energy-efficient windows?

Energy-efficient windows cost about $320 to $2,000 each for materials and labor.

What are the benefits of energy-efficient windows?

Energy-efficient windows have several benefits. They reduce your monthly utility bills and make your home more comfortable, eliminating drafts and cold or warm spots. Also, treated glass that blocks UV rays can prevent furniture and other items from fading in direct sunlight.

How many windows are there in an average home?

Most homes have eight windows in the United States.